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About Košice

Košice (Kaschau in German, Kassa in Hungarian, Cassovia in Latin) is the second largest town of the country and the 'capital' of East Slovakia, the history of which goes back several centuries. The town was formed by the merger of Slavic and German settlements and became an important economic and cultural centre of the Kingdom of Hungary in the 13th century.

Due to the advantageous geographical location of the town trade played an important role in its development and significance Various ethnic and religious groups - the Slovaks, Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Catholics, Protestants and Greek Catholics - living side by side but at the same time together created a very characteristic way or 'style' of urban life, economy and culture. Being a multi-ethnic and multi-confessional settlement, Košice, during its history, as part of the Kingdom of Hungary then that of the Habsburg Monarchy, later that of Czehoslovakia and finally (from 1993) that of the Slovak Republic, has always reflected the power relations and struggles in the region.Anti-Turkish wars, anti-Habsburg uprisings, reformation and counter-reformation, the internal conflicts among Hungarian nobility,

furthermore local, regional, national and international political events all affected the population and ethnic groups of the town until the end of the 20th century. Cassovia Digitalis, by making the digitised version of the original sources available, gives the opportunity for visitors to get an

insight into the rich, varied and very often fatal history of the town. Literature reference: Weger, Tobias; Gündisch, Konrad: Kaschau/Kosice - Eine kleine Stadtgeschichte. Verlag Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2013. [Kosice - A Short History]